Rates and Stability of Mental Health Disorders in Children Born Very Preterm at 7 and 13 Years.

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Children born very preterm (VPT) are at an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) disorders. Our aim for this study was to assess rates of MH disorders in children […]

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Family Engagement in the Autism Treatment and Learning Health Networks.

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Family involvement in the Autism Intervention Research Network on Physical Health, the Autism Treatment Network, and the Autism Learning Health Network, jointly the Autism Networks, has evolved and grown into […]

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Improving Behavior Challenges and Quality of Life in the Autism Learning Health Network.

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To summarize baseline data and lessons learned from the Autism Learning Health Network, designed to improve care and outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We describe challenging behaviors, […]

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Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Parents Implementing Early Intervention for Autism: An RCT.

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Systems of care emphasize parent-delivered intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Meanwhile, multiple studies document psychological distress within these parents. This pilot longitudinal randomized controlled trial compared the […]

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Body Dissatisfaction and Mental Health Outcomes of Youth on Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy.

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Our first aim was to examine baseline differences in body dissatisfaction, depression, and anxiety symptoms by gender, age, and Tanner (ie, pubertal) stage. Our second aim was to test for […]

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Infant sleep and child mental health: a longitudinal investigation.

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To determine whether infants with severe persistent sleep problems are at increased risk of (1) meeting diagnostic criteria for a psychiatric disorder (age 10 years), and (2) having elevated symptoms […]

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Mental Health Outcomes Among Homeless, Runaway, and Stably Housed Youth.

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Runaway youth and homeless youth are at risk for adverse mental health outcomes. These 2 populations are frequently pooled together in both research and interventions yet may have unique health […]

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Factors associated with risk of developmental delay in preschool children in a setting with high rates of malnutrition: a cross-sectional analysis of data from the IHOPE study, Madagascar.

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50% of Malagasy children have moderate to severe stunting. In 2016, a new 10 year National Nutrition Action Plan (PNAN III) was initiated to help address stunting and developmental delay. We […]

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Trends in Pediatricians’ Developmental Screening: 2002-2016.

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Current guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend screening children for developmental problems by using a standardized screening tool and referring at-risk patients to early intervention (EI) or subspecialists. […]

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Psychiatric adverse drug reactions in the paediatric population.

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Due to lack of information on drug use in children, many drugs are used off-label in paediatrics. Increased knowledge of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) would enable a better risk-benefit analysis. […]

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Do NICU developmental care improve cognitive and motor outcomes for preterm infants? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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The aim of this study was to review the effects of developmental care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting on mental and motor development of preterm infants.We searched PubMed, […]

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Cytokine concentrations throughout pregnancy and risk for psychosis in adult offspring: a longitudinal case-control study.

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Schizophrenia has been associated with pregnancy and birth complications and fetal exposure to inflammation is thought to be a common underlying mechanism. However, whether the risk is specific to particular […]

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Suicide in Northern Ireland: epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention.

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The rates of suicide and self-harm in Northern Ireland are high, and have increased from 143 registered suicides in 1996 to 313 in 2010 and 318 in 2015. This Review […]

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A comparative study of mothers of infants hospitalized in an open ward neonatal intensive care unit and a combined pod and single-family room design.

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The well-being of mothers of infants requiring Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) hospitalization may be affected by the architectural design of the unit. A few recent studies suggest there may […]

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Impact of the Canterbury earthquakes on dispensing of psychiatric medication for children and adolescents: longitudinal quantitative study.

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Natural disasters are increasing in frequency and impact; they cause widespread disruption and adversity throughout the world. The Canterbury earthquakes of 2010-2011 were devastating for the people of Christchurch, New […]

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Childhood and adolescent mental health of NICU graduates: an observational study.

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To investigate the mental health of children and adolescents admitted to neonatal intensive/special care units (NICUs) in infancy.This cross-sectional study used a provincially representative cohort from the 2014 Ontario Child […]

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Childhood overweight and obesity and the risk of depression across the lifespan.

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Obesity has been longitudinally associated with depression but only few studies take a life course approach. This longitudinal study investigates whether being overweight or obese at age 8 and 13 years […]

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Efficacy of psychosocial interventions for mental health outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries: an umbrella review.

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Mental health conditions are leading causes of disability worldwide. Psychosocial interventions for these conditions might have a key role in their treatment, although applicability of findings to poor-resource settings might […]

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Patterns of long-term ADHD medication use in Australian children.

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Adherence to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication treatment is often suboptimal. This can compromise patient outcomes. We aimed to describe the patterns of ADHD medication use in Australian children, and characteristics […]

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Developmental risk among Aboriginal children living in urban areas in Australia: the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH).

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Most Australian Aboriginal children are on track with their development, however, the prevalence of children at risk of or with a developmental or behavioural problem is higher than in other […]

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Prescription Opioid Misuse and Risky Adolescent Behavior.

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Misuse of opioid medications (ie, using opioids differently than how a doctor prescribed the medication) is common among US adolescents and associated with preventable health consequences (eg, severe respiratory depression, […]

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A Population-Based Cohort Study Examining the Incidence and Impact of Psychotic Experiences From Childhood to Adulthood, and Prediction of Psychotic Disorder.

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The authors investigated the incidence, course, and outcome of psychotic experiences from childhood through early adulthood in the general population and examined prediction of psychotic disorder.This was a population-based cohort […]

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Association between childhood trauma and multimodal early-onset hallucinations.

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Previous reports suggest that adverse events during childhood could be related to an array of psychiatric problems. Here, we question the relationship between childhood traumatic experiences and the sensory complexity […]

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The burden of mental disorders across the states of India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2017.

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Mental disorders are among the leading causes of non-fatal disease burden in India, but a systematic understanding of their prevalence, disease burden, and risk factors is not readily available for […]

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Association of cleft lip and palate on mother-to-infant bonding: a cross-sectional study in the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS).

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Cleft lip and/or palate is among the most prevalent congenital birth defects, and negatively affects maternal psychological status and may consequently result in higher prevalence of child maltreatment. However, the […]

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Association of adverse childhood experiences and neurodevelopmental disorders in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and non-FASD controls.

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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a highly prevalent lifelong disorder with high rates of comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Individuals with FASD are often exposed to abuse, neglect and foster home […]

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Promoting Optimal Development: Identifying Infants and Young Children With Developmental Disorders Through Developmental Surveillance and Screening.

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Early identification and intervention for developmental disorders are critical to the well-being of children and are the responsibility of pediatric professionals as an integral function of the medical home. This […]

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Handwriting in children with Attention Deficient Hyperactive Disorder: role of graphology.

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Handwriting difficulties are common in children with attention deficient hyperactive disorder (ADHD). The aim of our study was to find distinctive characteristics of handwriting in children with ADHD by using […]

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Preparing Future Pediatricians to Meet the Behavioral and Mental Health Needs of Children.

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The increasing prevalence of behavioral and/or mental health (B/MH) problems among children, adolescents, and young adults is rapidly forcing the pediatric community to examine its professional responsibility in response to […]

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